Why does it make sense to think of the “Mycenaean age” of Greek cultural history as the “heroic age” of Greek history?

1. Why does it make sense to think of the “Mycenaean age” of Greek cultural history as the “heroic age” of Greek history? How important was the “heroic ideal” to the ancient Greeks throughout their history? How do we see both a religious and a humanistic impulse in the “heroic ideal”? Consider the relevance of Homer’s famous epics in your answer.