which center on refuting an opponent’s perspective –

which center on refuting an opponent’s perspective

are antagonistic and
can foster emotionally and negatively charged reactions against the argument and the people
involved.
Rogerian argument, based on the psychology of Carl Rogers, s
eeks to diffuse
those situations by thoroughly considering different stances on issues, finding common
ground, and arriving at a compromise
.
The task of Rogerian argument, then, is to
address conflicting views fairly, accurately, and empathetically.
This a
ppr
oach can
strengthen any
argument
,
since it demonstrates that one has considered other possibilities
before arriving at a belief. The end result of a Rogerian argument is a compromised solution
that is more likely to satisfy all parties.
For this essay
your task is to develop your own original argument about some theme
or
social
topic. Rather than focusing on one
side
as you might have done in previous
essays
, now you will
examine differ
ing viewpoints on a single theme with the goal of articulating a “middle ground”
position between opposing viewpoints.
Due Dates:
ENGL 1
2

13

02
Rough Draft
[
BRING
PAPER
COPY
]
and Peer Edit
1 Dec. 2014
Final Packet
(
Final Draft, Doc Pac, Peer Edit Sheet, Peer Edited
Rough Draft)
8 Dec. 2014
Final
Micro
theme
[IN CLASS FINAL]
8 Dec. 2014
Objectives:
?
Use invention techniques such as brainstorming, listing, cubing, reporters’ questions,
freewriting, and clustering.
?
Consider an external audience to guide tone, vocabulary, and content
.
?
Establish a tone that is suitable
to both your topic and purpose.
?
Write in a clea
r, concise, and engaging manner.
?
Think outside of binary oppositions, which often doom a debate to failur
e.
?
Develop the skill to address emotionally charged topics with a degree of intellectual
o
bjectivity. Learn how to use the rhetorical triangle effectively.
?
Integrate or synthesize the ideas from selected
sources
.
?
Learn the value and necessity of compromise when approaching complex issues.
?
Write an essay that is thoroughly developed and logically organized.
?

Incorporate in

text citations and
a
complete
Works Cited page.
?
Utilize the writing process

inventing, writ
ing, revising, and editing

from start to finish.
?
Achieve a tone that is accessible and academic.
?
No personal pronouns; no c
ontractions; use formal, academic English
(specific, concise,
organized, connected).
F
ern Thung
OC
ENGL
1
2

13

02
FALL
201
4
pg.
2
Requirements
:
?

MLA format; 12

point font (Times New Roman
)
.
?

6

7

pages, typed, double

spaced (
not including Works Cited page).
?
3
sources
minimum
(at least 1 source must
support side A
; more may be used.
At
least one source must
support side B
; more may be used).
?
At least three [3] i
ntegrated quotations to support and illustrate
each of the
arguments presented must be used.
?
You must
submit copies of any articles and materials
,
if outside sources are used
[Doc
Pac]
.
?
You must submit

the peer

edited rough draft, the peer edit sheet, and
the final draft
in order for your final essay submission to be accepted
and graded
.
?
P
lace all materials, drafts,
etc. in a folder for submission [Email submission is fine.]
Techniques:
?
Begin by finding a reading from which you can identify multiple perspectives
(arguments) on an issue. An argument might be identified from a character’s position
in a narrative, an author’s voice in an essay or from a narrator in a poem.
?
Once you have ch
osen your reading, ask a few of the following complex questions
1
:
o
How
are
the
Side A/Side B
argument
s
true?
o
What are some examples from
my
sources
that support
those
position
s
?
o
What common ground exists between Side A & Side B?
o
How can that common ground be expressed in a new, compromised claim?
o
What evidence is there in support of a common ground argument?
o
What is my proposal for compromise on this issue? How does it differ from the
information in my sources?
?
Looking over the
answers to those questions, begin to articulate the complex question
that might address the variety of answers you have identified.
?
Remember that your thesis statement will likely take the form of a complex question.
?
Rogerian argument finds
a common gro
und between
Side A & Side B.
1
In this case a complex question means a question with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Do
not confuse this sentence structure with the logical fallacy “Complex Question.” See
logicalfallacies.info
for more details.

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