What role does attachment play in the development of an individual? What is the role of autonomy? How can parents help to produce the best possible development of both?

Sigmund Freud thought that negative childhood experiences would affect people throughout their lives. Today, psychologists place more emphasis on the positive experiences that help direct future development. Two important developmental processes are the achievement of a secure attachment to a caregiver and that of achieving some degree of autonomy. While these may seem to be opposites, they are both important in the development of fully functioning human beings. What role does attachment play in the development of an individual? What is the role of autonomy? How can parents help to produce the best possible development of both?