What is Philosophy?

What is Philosophy? How did it get started and who was involved? What is philosophy’s role as a field of knowledge? What are the main areas of Philosophy? How does it differ from religion and science? How is Philosophy responsible for the coming into existence of so many different sciences and ways of looking at reality? Lastly, give an example of a non-western culture that at first pursued philosophy as handed down from the Greeks, but then stopped; what were the consequences of dropping philosophy? How did this happen and what didn’t happen in the culture because philosophy was rejected by it?