Week 3 7-1 7-2

Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements

The Metropolis Health System (MHS) has a system-wide training course for nurse aides. The course requires a packet of materials that MHS calls the training pack. Due to turnover and because the course is system-wide, there is a monthly demand for new packs. In addition, the local community college also obtains the training packs used in their credit courses from MHS.

The education coordinator needs to know how much of the cost is fixed and how much of the cost is variable for these training packs. She decides to use the high–low method of computation.

 

Using the monthly utilization information presented below, find the fixed and variable portion of costs through the high–low method.

 

Month

 

Number of Training Packs

 

Cost

 

January

1,000

$6,200

February

200

1,820

March

250

2,350

April

400

3,440

May

700

4,900

June

300

2,730

July

150

1,470

August

100

1,010

September

1,100

7,150

October

300

2,850

November

250

2,300

December

100

1,010

 

The education coordinator decides that the community college packs may be unduly influencing the high–low computation. She decides to rerun the results, omitting the community college volume.

 

Required

  1. Using the monthly utilization information presented here, and omitting the community college training packs, find the fixed and variable portion of costs through the 467468high–low method. Note that the college only acquires packs in three months of the year: January, May, and September. These dates coincide with the start dates of their semesters and summer school. 2. The reason the education coordinator needs to know how much of the cost is fixed is because she is supposed to collect the appropriate variable cost from the community college for their packs. For her purposes, which computation do you believe is better? Why?

 

Month

 

Total Number of Training Packs

 

Total Cost

 

Community College Number Packs

 

Community College Cost

 

January

1,000

$6,200

200

$1,240

February

200

1,820

 

March

250

2,350

 

April

400

3,440

 

May

700

4,900

300

2,100

June

300

2,730

 

July

150

1,470

 

August

100

1,010

 

September

1,100

7,150

300

1,950

October

300

2,850

 

November

250

2,300

 

December

100

1,010

 

Computation of a contribution margin is simplified if the fixed and variable expense has already been determined. Examine Table 7–1, which contains Operating Room fixed and variable costs. We can see that the total costs are $1,217,756. Of this amount, $600,822 is designated as variable cost and $616,934 is designated as fixed ($529,556 1 $87,378 = $616,934). For purposes of our example, assume the Operating Room revenue amounts to $1,260,000. The contribution margin is computed as follows:

 

Amount

Revenue

$1,260,000

Less Variable Cost

(600,822)

Contribution Margin

$659,178

Thus, $659,178 is available to contribute to fixed costs and to profit. (In this example fixed costs amount to $616,934, so there is an amount left to contribute toward profit.)

 

Greenside Clinic has revenue totaling $3,500,000. The clinic has costs totaling $3,450,000. Of this amount, 40% is variable cost and 60% is fixed cost.468469

 

Required

 

Compute the contribution margin for Greenside Clinic.

 

The Mental Health program for the Community Center has just completed its fiscal year end. The program director determines that his program has revenue for the year of $1,210,000. He believes his variable expense amounts to $205,000 and he knows his fixed expense amounts to $1,100,000.

 

Required

  1. Compute the contribution margin for the Community Center Mental Health Program. 2. What does the result tell you about the program?