Paper, Order, or Assignment Requirements
to develop LUMS understanding of the facilitators and difficulties facing international students in undergraduate group work in LUMS(Lancaster University Management school)
a report and presentation outlining the findings and analyses, and making RECOMMENDATIONS as to how LUMS might better facilitate UG international student participation in groupwork.
This report and the associated group client presentation should be orientated towards your client�s needs. There are no fixed templates for this report, but it is likely to contain, at the minimum, the following elements:
� An outline of the research question posed by the client, its importance to the client, and a summary of any literature or theories relevant to the purpose of the project.
� A concise description of how you conducted your project: how you established the main question(s), gathered data and made sense of the results you obtained.
� Presentation and interpretation of the research data.
� Recommendations to the client, and conclusions including implications, and an outline of any limitations of the methods/ approach/ data used.
You should arrange for a copy of the client report to be delivered to your client a minimum of two weeks before the group client presentation (but we recommend that you do so at the same time that you submit it to the UG office). The timing and method of delivery should be negotiated and agreed with the client directly.
The client report will be assessed in relation to how you:
� Give sufficient and relevant background on your client�s issue, your brief (contextualization),
and your framing of the issue (conceptualization)
� Show a robust approach to collecting, interpreting, analyzing and critically evaluating your
research and linking this research to your recommendations
� Provide plausible, relevant and actionable recommendations to your client
� Communicate via the report
Conceptualization is the framing of the issue: What type of issue is this? What are the different elements that make up the issue? How are these types of issues or elements dealt with? Of the different options you had for investigating this issue, what was the way, or ways, in which you decided to go about investigating and researching this issue and its elements, and why?
� In order to conceptualize your client�s issue you will want to either draw upon, or develop, a framework for understanding it. Theory can be very useful in this regard. Any theory, however, needs to be applied appropriately to your client�s situation and issue.
� The framework for understanding your client�s issue should inform the types of research that you tried to carry out, and the research should be capable of producing the type of information that would be useful for your client to make decisions about their issue.
Generally, the majority of the conceptualization should be in your methodology section, although this may well effect how you work with your findings and frame recommendations.
Collecting, interpreting, analyzing and critically evaluating your research and linking this research to your recommendations:
Linked to your conceptualization, this is a concise description of:
� your research methods (with an acknowledgement of your assumptions and the drawbacks or limitations of your research),
� how you gathered your data,
� what data you collected,
� how you made sense of the results you obtained,
� the results and what they mean, and
� how these results can help your client make informed decisions.
Generally, these elements are spread out over a number of sections of your report.
� The description of your research methods, how you gathered your data and how you made sense of the results are usually in the methodology section. It is generally good to have a sub-section of your methodology section for your assumptions and limitations. Sometimes it is good to split these, but sometimes they can be combined.
� The description of the data you collected (for example your response rates, how many responses you had, the socio-demographic make-up of your respondents etc), the results and what they mean are generally in a findings or results section. Importantly, you want to report on the big picture of your results, but give enough detail to explain and justify this big picture. Details can be given in the appendices to which the reader can be referred. Tables, figures or diagrams can be very useful to represent the big picture of the results and can combine a description of the data you collected and the results. Whatever the tables, figures and diagrams convey should always be discussed, and they should not be treated as if they are self-evident.