This is about metrology and are only 50 questions do it as fast as you can please!

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Quiz#8

  1. El Nino generally causes flooding in the Pacific Northwest.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  2. The climate associated with a small area at or near the Earth’s surface is:
    Select one:
    a. Microclimate
    b. Base climate
    c. Mesoclimate
    d. Boundary climate

  3. The two weather elements used most often as indicators of climate are:
    Select one:
    a. Pressure and precipitation
    b. Wind and pressure
    c. Precipitation and temperature
    d. Temperature and cloud cover

  4. Surface winds that blow from the poles to the lower latitudes are called:
    Select one:
    a. La Nina
    b. El Nino
    c. Polar Easterlies
    d. Jet Stream

  5. Mid-latitude cyclones:
    Select one:
    a. Are regions of strong temperature contrasts
    b. Generally bring clear skies and little precipitation
    c. Usually move across North America from east to west
    d. Are generally only found over the ocean

  6. Where does the majority of hail happen in a thunderstorm?
    Select one:
    a. Within the updrafts
    b. Within the downdrafts
    c. With lightning’s return stroke
    d. With the step-leader of lightning

  7. What does El Nino involve?
    Select one:
    a. Warm water moving east along the equator
    b. Strengthening of the trade winds
    c. Weakening of the trade winds
    d. Both “a” and “b”
    e. Both “a” and “c”

  8. The Earth is currently in the interglacial period of an ice age right now.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  9. If an air mass were designated with the letters “mT”, what kind of air mass would it be?
    Select one:
    a. Warm and moist air
    b. Warm and dry air
    c. Cold and dry air
    d. Cold and wet air
    e. Very cold and dry air

  10. Hurricanes are not classified as such until they make landfall.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  11. What can cause the winds of a hurricane to slow down?
    Select one:
    a. Weaker Coriolis force
    b. Stronger Coriolis force
    c. Moving over land
    d. A very strong pressure gradient force

  12. The Trade Winds from both hemispheres meet at the Horse Latitudes.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  13. Which of the following occurs during the beginning stages of a thunderstorm?
    Select one:
    a. Lightning
    b. Heavy precipitation
    c. No wind
    d. Updrafts

  14. Relatively warmer temperatures will prevail before a cold front passes.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  15. What force is ultimately responsible for the three cells of circulation we see in each hemisphere?
    Select one:
    a. Pressure gradient
    b. Coriolis
    c. Friction
    d. None of the above

  16. The prevailing winds that blow between 0 and 30 degrees latitude are called:
    Select one:
    a. Westerlies
    b. Polar easterlies
    c. Trade winds
    d. Subtropical northerlies
    e. None of these

  17. Which type of air mass could form over the California coastline?
    Select one:
    a. mT
    b. cT
    c. mP
    d. Both mT and mP
    e. None of the above

  18. The terms leader, flash, and stroke are used when describing:
    Select one:
    a. a tornado
    b. the passage of a hurricane
    c. squall line formation
    d. the stages of a cumulonimbus cloud during a thunderstorm
    e. none of these

  19. Nimbostratus clouds are often associated with passing cold fronts.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  20. What is the stage of lightning called where electrons are making a path towards the Earth’s surface?
    Select one:
    a. Downdrafts
    b. Updrafts
    c. Return stroke
    d. Thunder
    e. Step-leader

  21. In general, this prevailing wind belt influences the mid-latitudes the most.
    Select one:
    a. Trade winds
    b. Polar easterlies
    c. Westerlies
    d. Doldrums

  22. Hurricanes:
    Select one:
    a. Form at the equator
    b. Are not as large as tornadoes
    c. Develop over warm ocean areas
    d. Tend to intensify when they move over land surfaces
    e. All of these

  23. Which country is the world leader in carbon dioxide emissions today?
    Select one:
    a. India
    b. Russia
    c. United States
    d. China

  24. An air mass that forms over the Northern Pacific ocean is called?
    Select one:
    a. Maritime Tropical
    b. Maritime Polar
    c. Continental Tropical
    d. Continental Polar

  25. The continental U.S. lies within this wind belt.
    Select one:
    a. Northerlies
    b. Polar Easterlies
    c. Trade Winds
    d. Westerlies

  26. Air __________ at the horse latitudes and creates __________ pressure at the surface.
    Select one:
    a. sinks, high
    b. sinks, low
    c. rises, high
    d. rises, low

  27. The passage of a cold front is indicated by:
    Select one:
    a. An increase in temperature, decrease in pressure
    b. An increase in temperature, increase in pressure
    c. A decrease in temperature, increase in pressure
    d. A decrease in temperature, decrease in pressure

  28. The “flash” that happens during a lighting strike moves from the cloud to the ground.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  29. At what time of day is an air-mass thunderstorm more likely to develop?
    Select one:
    a. midafternoon
    b. midnight
    c. midmorning
    d. these storms are equally common at all of these times

  30. La Nina can occur after an El Nino, but not always.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  31. A mesocyclone is a type of hurricane.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  32. If an air mass were designated with the letters “cT”, what area could it have originated from?
    Select one:
    a. The Arctic
    b. Over Canada
    c. The North Pacific
    d. A desert
    e. The tropics

  33. The part of the lightning stroke which first ionizes the air channel is the:
    Select one:
    a. Dart leader
    b. Step leader
    c. Return stroke
    d. Electron stroke
    e. Back stroke

  34. Tornadoes and mid-latitude cyclones are similar in that:
    Select one:
    a. Both form in the Trade Wind belt
    b. Both are most common and well-developed in the winter season
    c. Both have areas of low pressure
    d. Both have conspicuous surface fronts

  35. A(n) __________ is a large parcel of the atmosphere, sometimes subcontinental in size, that may move over Earth’s surface as a distinct, relatively homogenous entity.
    Select one:
    a. Lightning
    b. Thunder
    c. Stationary
    d. Air Mass

  36. When colder than normal water exists off the coast of Peru, we are said to have what is called:
    Select one:
    a. La Nina
    b. El Nino
    c. Polar Front
    d. Polar Easterlies
    e. Jet Stream

  37. The location where warm air from the mid-latitudes converges with cold air from the poles is called:
    Select one:
    a. La Nina
    b. El Nino
    c. Polar Front
    d. Polar Easterlies

  38. The zone of low pressure and calm winds located near the equator is referred to as the:
    Select one:
    a. Horse latitudes
    b. Doldrums
    c. Easterlies
    d. Westerlies

  39. The Trade Winds are also:
    Select one:
    a. Westerly winds
    b. Easterly winds
    c. Northerly winds
    d. Southerly winds

  40. How do thunderstorms dissipate?
    Select one:
    a. Downdrafts
    b. Updrafts
    c. Return Stroke
    d. Thunder
    e. Step-leader

  41. In the midwest, record-setting cold temperatures often result when a __________ air mass invades the region.
    Select one:
    a. mP
    b. cP
    c. cA
    d. mT

  42. Earth’s tilt over geologic time has stayed at 23.5 degrees since it was created.  It has not varied.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  43. What is the sound generated from violently expanding gasses in the atmosphere during a lightning event called?
    Select one:
    a. Downdrafts
    b. Updrafts
    c. Return stroke
    d. Thunder
    e. Step-leader

  44. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere __________ years.
    Select one:
    a. 25
    b. 10
    c. 100
    d. 1000

  45. The terms “typhoon” and “hurricane” are equivalent to each other except for geographic location.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  46. Methane stays in the atmosphere only 10 years.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  47. Air __________ at the equator and creates __________ pressure at the surface.
    Select one:
    a. sinks, high
    b. sinks, low
    c. rises, high
    d. rises, low

  48. El Nino conditions require the ocean water off of the California coast to warm up.
    Select one:
    a. True
    b. False

  49. The “greenhouse gas” that is most significant as the cause of today’s anthropogenic climate change is:
    Select one:
    a. Nitrogen Dioxide
    b. Ferrous Oxide
    c. Hydrogen Peroxide
    d. Carbon Dioxide

  50. Thunderstorms are characteristic of:
    Select one:
    a. Isothermal lapse rates
    b. Stable air
    c. All polar air masses
    d. All warm fronts
    e. Unstable air