The return of Prisoner"

The return of Prisoner”

Here is the link of the story ” The return of Prisoner”
http://www19.homepage.villanova.edu/karyn.hollis/prof_academic/Courses/1050/Scanned%20Texts/return_of_prisoner0001.pdf

I want you to discussing the struggles of the main characters and how they succumb to failure and loss. Is their failure the result of their own wrong doing or is it out of their control? Does the society and culture play a role in their loss, or do they have full control over their destinies? Your essay needs to have at least two citations: minimum one citation from the primary text and one citation from a relevant academic article.
The instruction of how to write it:

How would you organize your ideas when writing a literary essay?
•    The introduction should be interesting enough to capture the reader’s attention. Introductions begin with a “hook” or “lead-in.” The hook can be a question, a shocking statement, an anecdote, a famous proverb, a saying, a famous quotations. Depending on the subject matter (topic) you should choose the best way to open your introduction.
•    After the hook, you should develop your introduction more fully by giving a a synopsis of the story you are discussing; giving a historical background of the story or include some information about the author.
•    Body paragraphs should be devoid of vague generalizations, or repetitions. Each body paragraph should be about one and only one aspect of your there is no argument about them. Quotations from the text, dialogues, symbolic elements and similar evidence from the text must be included in the body paragraphs.
•    Conclusions sums up your paper.

Your job as a critical analyst is to persuade your reader that your interpretation of the story is right. In other words, interpretation is the same as argument and follows the same rules as in an argument essay: claim, evidence, reasoning, and refutation.
Claim or thesis is the engine that propels your argument. Your thesis is sectioned into different topic sentences that lead to various body paragraphs.
Evidence tells your reader how you have arrived at such a conclusion or thesis. The text itself is your main evidence but the context of a text, what you know about the author, the era and the political affiliations of the author, his/her religious standing and nationality, etc. also work as the evidence for your proposal or thesis.
Reasoning is the thinking process and the logical route that connects your evidence to your thesis.
Refutation is an argument step in which you as the critical analyst question or reject other proposals or hypothesis. In other words, just as in an argument essay you would consider the opposition, in most literary essays as well, you would consider those who may disagree with you and you would refute them through logical steps. Here you would argue that other interpretations of the same text are faulty, limited or inaccurate.