Bensel’s Yankee Leviathan focuses on the creation of the modern state apparatus during the Civil War and Reconstruction periods. Union mobilization during the Civil War and the policies associated with Reconstruction provided the impetus for the formation of an empowered federal government, under the leadership of the Republican Party. The Civil War, Bensel argues, “even more than the end of British colonial rule, represents the true foundational moment in American political development.” Union efforts to suppress Southern secession relied heavily on cooperation between the Republican controlled federal government and the financial sector in the Northeast. Bensel emphasizes the connection between Union war mobilization and the financial class. During Reconstruction, the Northeastern financial sector continued to exercise influence over federal policy. For this essay, students will discuss the relationship between the Northern financial class and the United States government during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras. Students should aim to show an appreciation for the mutually advantageous connections established between Washington and Northern finance. Special attention should be paid to the role of the financial sector during Union mobilization, the correspondence of interests between the Republican-led administration and the financial classes, the role of the financial sector in expanding and empowering statist elements, and the influence of the financial sector in determining Reconstruction policy. The essay is due July 7. The essay must be between 4-6 pages long. It must be at least 4 pages, but not longer than 6. Essays less than 4 pages will be penalized. Double space the text. 12 point, Times New Roman font. Use standard margins. Essays that use outside sources will be penalized. For in-text citations, simply write (Bensel, page #). Students must submit their essay through turn-it-in.com. Students must attach an “originality report” to their submitted essay. Essays without an “originality report” will not be accepted. Students must attach the “Student Plagiarism Statement” to their essay. Essays without a “Student Plagiarism Statement” will not be accepted.