Quantitative and Qualitative Research Study

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n professions such as nursing, information and best practices change quickly. Upon graduation, the knowledge a new nurse has gained may quickly become obsolete. Staying engaged with the professional literature enables nurses and health care professionals to stay current and to continue providing the best patient care. As Dr. Shaughnessy noted in this week’s media program, baccalaureate-prepared nurses need to look at literature critically. Dr. Shaughnessy stated that baccalaureate prepared nurses need to look at a piece of published research and make their own independent assessment about whether a study was done well, whether its results can be judged as valid, and whether that piece of evidence, in addition to other pieces of published evidence on the same topic can lead us to defining what is the best nursing practice.

For this Discussion you will:

1.Conduct a search on a particular patient problem that is under the control of nursing (e.g, pain management, shortness of breath, lack of knowledge about lifestyle changes needed for managing diabetes).
a.Use two different databases available in the Walden Library (i.e. Ovid, CINAHL, etc.) AND
b.Use at least one popular search engine such as Google.
c.Use keywords such as “evidence-based practice” and “nursing” for each search.

2.Compare and contrast the results generated from each search.
a.Select a few results and evaluate for reliability or credibility (depending on whether the study is quantitative or qualitative). i.Share the references for articles you find in the Walden Library that have criteria to be used in evaluating Web sites for credibility or trustworthiness. Cite these references using APA format.

b.Provide specific examples of the different types of information you find in the two different types of searches, one in a professional library, and the other using a popular search engine.
c.Identify the level of evidence for each of the studies. Which findings are most trustworthy based upon the level of evidence?

3.Reflect on your professional experience as a nurse. Consider the findings from your searching exercise and think about the credibility/trustworthiness of the information that you found. Based upon what you have learned so far:
a.How would you counsel patients about this topic and the information that you found? How are individual patient needs and preferences considered in terms of evidence based practice?
b.What would you say to a fellow staff nurse about using the information to change practice? In other words, is this an example that can be used as the research component of evidence based practice?

Course Text: Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research
?Chapter 4, “Finding Sources of Evidence”

This chapter examines types of evidence found in the literature The authors distinguish between popular, scholarly, and trade literature and describe the types of information found in each. Search strategies are presented along with numerous subject-specific databases for assisting nurses in locating scholarly research evidence.

?Chapter 11, “Other Sources of Evidence”

Chapter 11 presents the pyramid of evidence. This diagram graphically displays the levels of evidence used in evidence-based healthcare delivery and referred to as the 5Ss. The 5Ss provide a strategy for making searching more efficient. When engaged in evidence-based practice, the 5Ss strategy suggests nurses begin their search of the literature at the top level of the pyramid.

?Chapter 14, “Weighing In on the Evidence”

Chapter 14 presents a five-step approach for evaluating evidence. It examines different types of quantitative and qualitative study designs and describes the type of evidence each provides. The chapter then discusses the strength of the evidence produced from these different types of studies.

Web Sites
Google Scholar

Google Scholar allows you to search for scholarly literature across a broad range of topics. However, not all articles will be available in full text. When you are unable to access a full article, try using the Walden Library databases to locate the article .

Google Scholar. (2009). Advanced Scholar search tips. Retrieved from http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/help.html

This Web page offers searching tips to help you improve your search and obtain better results with using Google Scholar. Many of the techniques can be used when searching other databases as well.

Optional Resources


Jackson, C.B., Botelho, E.M., Joseph, J & Tennstedt, S.L. (2013). Accessing and evaluating urologic health information: Differences by race/ethnicity and gender. Urologic Nursing, 33(6), 282-287. . doi:10.7257/1053-816X.2013.33.6.282Lintvendt, O.K., Griffiths, K.M., Sorensen, K., Ostvik, A.R., Wang, C.E.A., Eisemann, M. & Waterloo, K. 2013). Ealuating the effectiveness and efficacy of guided internet-based self-help intervention for the prevention of depression: A randomized controlled trial. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 20,10-27. doi: 10.1002/cpp.770

Web Sites

Finding information on the Internet: A tutorial. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/FindInfo.html