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Thoroughly read and answer all questions.
Response lengths: 1-1½ -page answers (double spaced, Times New Roman 12 point font, one inch margins) per test item at most. There are 3 questions, each with various parts.
1. U.S. culture and values differ significantly from those commonly found in Middle Eastern, Islamic countries. This is not to say there is a uniform set of values here or there, only that on the average, these two parts of the world are significantly different. Can our readings in urban theory help us to gain some insight into why this may be the case? Chapter 6 of our textbook presents various sociological frameworks that make up classic urban theory. Reread this material of Chapter 6, then comment on which theoretic framework about community that is presented there best helps you to understand what may be the basis for how conflict between the U.S. and Middle Eastern societies originates. Explain your reasoning and support your claims with pertinent references. You DO NOT have to comment on each theory, just the one you feel helps give you the most insight.
2. Chapter 1 discusses “two paths to understanding the city”: acquaintance with and knowledge about. How well did the author of Nickel and Dimed achieve these two paths to understanding the topic she studied? As you think this through, recall Ehrenreich’s method for gathering her information, or data. How did she address the issues of “acquaintance with” and “knowledge about” in going about her research the way that she did?
3. Chapters 5 and 7 discuss different ways of thinking about economic “interdependence”. Choose between the NIDL (New International Division of Labor) and the Urban Ecology perspectives (see pp. 154-159, 201-202) for which of these two frameworks helps you to focus and better comprehend the research Ehrenreich undertook for her book Nickel and Dimed. Which theoretic model do you think Ehrenreich believes is most valid for interpreting what she discovered from her research?
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