Need help writing a draft research paper on my topic, "Stopping the finances of ISIS". Have my references and past papers

further instructions

Purpose:

Thepurpose ofDraft1istobuildupontheAnnotatedBibliographyandtomoveforwardindraftingyourfinalResearchPaper.

Description:

Inthisassignment, youwillbuilduponthesummariesthatyoudidfortheAnnotatedBibliographyfor UnitIII. UnliketheAnnotatedBibliography, however,theDraft1ofyour ResearchPaperismorethanjustasummaryof sources. Instead, itisaconversationbetween sourceswhereinthestudent authorplaceshisorhersourcesintoaconversationabouttopicssurroundingtheissue. You will needtoreviewatleastfiveacademicsourcesforthisassignment.Youarenot restrictedtothesourcesusedintheAnnotatedBibliography, butthatwouldbeagoodplacetostart. Thelengthofthedraftshouldbebetween3-5pages, not includingthecoverpageorreferencespage.

 

YoushouldincludeanAPA-stylecoverpagefor your Draft1.Seetheexampleonpage16ofTheCSU APAGuide(6thedition). Yourcoverpageshouldincludethefollowing: thetitleofyour paper, your name,andthenameofyouruniversity(ColumbiaSouthernUniversity).Therunningheadshouldincludeupto50charactersfromthetitleofthepaper, alongwithasequentialpagenumberintheupperright-handcorner.

 

Belowaretechniquesforwritingareviewofliterature.

  • Considerthetopicsthatyoursourcescover.Thenmakealistof thosetopics. Clusterthetopicstogether, anddecidewhichsourcesspeak tothesameconcerns.
  • Decidewhichsourcesspeaktothesameissues, anddecidewhichmaterialfromthosesourcesthatyouwill include.
  • Whensourcesdiscussthesametopicbut donot agree,youshould stillincludetheminthesameparagraphifyouwouldlike.Thereisnothingthat saysthat twosourcesthatdisagreecannot bepresentedinthesameparagraph.
  • Remembertotransitionbetweenideas, sources, andparagraphs. Checkoutthelistoftransitional expressionsonpp.44-45ofTheLittle,BrownCompactHandbookwithExercises.
  • Remembertoincludeconcisesummariesofthematerial.Avoidthefollowinginareviewofliterature.
  • Donot commentonthesources. Your jobhereisto presentthematerialonly,nottogiveyourtakeon whatis has tosay.
  • Do not includeyour argument.Youdo notwanttoargueinthereviewof literaturebecause youare reviewingtheliterature,not assertingyour argument.Youwillbeableto arguefor your positionlaterinthepaper.
  • Do notjustinsert the summaryparagraphsfromyour AnnotatedBibliography. Thereviewof literatureisfarmore thanjustalistofparagraphssummarizingsources.
  • Do not forget tociteyoursourcesintextandtoincludeareferencespage
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Stopping the Financial Gains of the Islamic State (ISIS)

Enrique S. Rios

Columbia Southern University

Stopping the Financial Gains of the Islamic State (ISIS)

Every day, a majority of ISIS finances are acquired through black market oil sales, ransoms, robbery, taxing businesses, and stolen ancient artifacts.  Even after the United States and its Allies have continuously bombarded oil refineries controlled by ISIS and known ISIS settlements, ISIS is believed to be acquiring 2-5 million (U.S. currency) a week.  Stopping the flow of money to the world’s richest terror army is not an easy task, as one might assume.  All their finances are not received from banking transfers.  All their money is cash collected and delivered by vehicles.  Technology, that is the normally used to freeze banking accounts from criminals is not a solution or option for this problem.  Sending in ground troops is not a popular answer, but could be the most effective way to eliminate the financial gain of this terrorist organization.  The foundation of this paper will explore the potential options that could be used to eliminate the flow of income into the hands of ISIS.  Without taking action, what are the potential consequences?

The subject for my project comes from personal experience, spending a total of 27 months in northern Iraq, deployed with the 82ND Airborne Division.  I have trained and assisted with Iraqi Army, guarding their oil reserves and training local Iraqi police on combat tactics.  One thing I learned deployed is to stop the enemy, besides killing them, take out their supplies and they will slowly become week and unable to fight.  Vehicles we learned that were resupplying the enemy with weapons, fuel and food were eliminated prior to reaching their destination.  My research will show having that same battle rhythm, but targeting the finances could be as effective.  Seeing the enemy take over areas in northern Iraq where I was operating and using our vehicles I find dishearten, especially for my 37 brothers in arms who lost their life trying to make a difference there.

The tentative argument of this topic is what are the United States and its allies doing in order to achieve the overall objective, which is eliminating the enemy. We are on a bombing campaign that has had little effect of the enemy and how they operate.  ISIS is making 500 million a year from the various criminal activities.  With that amount of income, propaganda and radical tactics, how are we going to defeat this particular enemy?

At this current time, the presidential race for the United States is in full swing.  Majority of the candidates do not want to address the failures of the air campaign, having little effect on ISIS and that we will need American ground troops to end ISIS.  President Barrack Obama has sent already a majority of the 250 Special Operation Forces to Iraq not only as advisors, but direct action operations.  I am hoping they will be used, as I have stated in my proposal, to stop the flow of money to ISIS.  The information I intend to argue with this paper will be the current operations against ISIS and the effectiveness, compared to targeting ISIS finances and what potential affects it could cause.

The United States has a growing enemy, with capabilities like we have never seen before.  They are using technology to gain sympathy and recruits from all over the world.  The types of weaponry that are being used and purchased are unlimited.  ISIS provides food, shelter and a monthly paycheck for their loyal followers.  All of these actions as part of their goal to grow into more of a global threat, take’s money to accomplish.  Going after the money would eliminate a well-organized terror group, without the financial means to stay organized and well-armed.

 

 

 

 

Reference 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annotated Bibliography

Enrique S. Rios

Columbia Southern University

Stopping the Financial Gains of the Islamic State (ISIS)

Taylor, P. (April 2015) The World’s Richest Terror Army. BBC News. Retrieved from      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-vlF4VSGq4

Peter Taylor traveled to Baghdad, Iraq for a rare interview with Abu Hajjar, former Islamic State Treasurer and now current prisoner in Iraq.  Abu Hajjar, revealed the secrets to the organization that gave the United States and its Allies a true picture of the sophisticated operation, that built masses of income to finance their jihad.  “They tax businesses, electricity companies, pharmacies, petrol stations and oil companies.  They (ISIS) imposes taxes on every sector”, said Abu Hajjar.  Danny Glaser, who works for the U.S. Treasury stated, “They extort the money like any mafia has.  If businesses want to continue to operate, they have to pay a tax to ISIS”.  Anyone who refuses to pay taxes is threatened with a grenade and if payment are not made, business owners are killed.  This ideology has worked to ISIS benefit and because of the fear of death, businesses continue to pay their taxes.

Gordon, M. & Schmitt, E (Nov 2015) U.S. Steps Up Its Attacks on ISIS- Controlled Oild Fields in Syria.  New York Times.  Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/13/us/politics/us-steps-up-its-attacks-on-isis-controlled-oil-fields-in-syria.html?_r=0

Airstrikes have continued to target the 11 oil field ISIS controls between Iraq and Syria, to disrupt the main source of income for this terror organization.  “a critical pillar of the financial infrastructure” of  the group which generates about $40, million a month , or nearly $500 million a year, according to Treasury Department estimates.  Oil Refineries in eastern Syria, that is under ISIS control has also been part of the air campaign.  ISIS aware of the damage to come to their controlled facilities have quickly planned for events and has made repairs to damaged facilities to keep the flow of oil moving, which keeps the flow of income coming in to support their cause.  Lt. Gen Charles Q. Brown Jr., in charge of the U.S. led campaign, has “revamped” the plan of attack. After intense study on what oil fields bring in the most financial gain, the attack plan is narrowed down to 8 major oil fields.

Mroue, B (Sep 2014) Breakdown Of The Oil Assets ISIS Now Controls.  Business Insider.  Retrieved from http://www.businessinsider.com/breakdown-of-the-oil-assets-isis-controls-2014-9

According to Luay Al-Khateeb, from Brookings Institution Doha Center in Qatar, ISIS continues to sell smuggled oil at discount prices from $25 to $60 for a barrel.  Normal prices on the market are more than $100.00 a barrel.   ISIS is making an average of $3 million dollars a day from oil sells.  In 2013, ISIS gained control of all major oil fields, including the Omar oil field in Syria, which produces 75,000 barrels of oil a day.  ISIS only controls one oil refinery, which is in Mosul, Iraq.  The United States has targeted the Gayara refinery in Mosul, which while repairs are taking place, oil continues  to go through refinery phases from “home-produced” methods.