Management of Vanda-Laye

The new management has identified several possible investments for the coming year. It has asked you and your team to evaluate the possibilities and make a recommendation to the board of directors. Jorge has identified two mutually exclusive opportunities (Investment A) and two independent opportunities (Investment B) and assigned you the task of making a recommendation on the investments.

Investment A

Your company would like to increase its product lines. Two alternatives are available, a new line of outdoor smokers and a new line of outdoor grills. The two lines are mutually exclusive, meaning that only one of these investment alternatives can be selected. The projected cash flows and their respective probabilities for each alternative are given in the table. There are three possible levels of demand and their corresponding probabilities, which depend on the state of the economy.

The two alternatives carry equal risk and should be evaluated at the company’s cost of capital. The cost for the new smoker line will be \$7,000,000. Also, the company has been guaranteed a buyer for the new line at the end of the fifth year. The buyer has agreed to purchase the new line for \$7,900,000. The outdoor grill alternative will cost \$3,987,000 and also has a guaranteed buyer, who has agreed to pay \$4,000,000 at the end of the fifth year.

 Demand Probability Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Outdoor Smoker High 0.2 \$800,000 \$900,000 \$1,000,000 \$1,100,000 \$1,500,000 Moderate 0.6 \$500,000 \$700,000 \$800,000 \$960,000 \$1,240,000 Low 0.2 \$200,000 \$350,000 \$500,000 \$600,000 \$750,000 Outdoor Grill High 0.2 \$600,000 \$750,000 \$850,000 \$975,000 \$5,160,000 Moderate 0.6 \$450,000 \$500,000 \$700,000 \$825,000 \$4,980,000 Low 0.2 \$150,000 \$220,000 \$370,000 \$500,000 \$4,750,000

Jorge has asked you to provide detailed responses to the following:

Management of Vanda-Laye has determined that the capital structure of the company will involve 30% debt and 70% common equity. This structure will be used to finance all investments by the company. Currently, the company can sell new bonds at par, with a coupon rate of 7%. Any new common stock can be sold for \$45, with a required return (or cost) of 15.57%. Using Microsoft Excel, calculate the company’s cost of capital to be used in the evaluation of possible investment projects.

For Investment A:

Using Microsoft Excel, create a decision tree. Indicate the various levels of demand and their respective probabilities. Also, include the calculations for the expected cash flows.

Calculate the expected NPV for each alternative. Explain the decision rules for making a selection between the two alternatives on the basis of the expected NPV.

Assuming the two alternatives are mutually exclusive, specify which alternative you would recommend to the company. Explain why.

If the two alternatives were independent of each other, specify which project you would select. Would you accept both projects if funding were available for both? Explain your answer.