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The total number of five participants took part from the university. Participants were random selected from University campus and library. There were two male participants and three female participants. These students who were not study in Psychology. Also all participants should be over 18 years old.
The design of this researchwas asemi-structured interview about attitudes towards religion. The researcher asked five core questions about attitudes towards religion:” What are your thoughts on religion and spiritualbeliefs?”; “What are your view on atheism?”; “What role should religion play in day to day life?”; “Do you believe your life is or can be influenced by external sources?” and “What is your opinion on the status of religious leaders in society?”. Moreover, it depends on the length of an interview researcher will ask two follow up questions: “How does religious belief effect your opinion on pre-marital sex?” and “How does your responsibility influenced by your family?”
Material required was voice recording facility on the phone.After interviews need transcribe the interviews in full (Appendix).
The interviews took place from 10th, May to 18th, May in 2014. Participants were random found in the campus. If they willing to take part in this interview, participants would be taken into quiet area, seated and interviewed five to seven questions, which were read through a script. The interview was used voice recording facility during interview.
There are some ethics issues should be considered in interview. Firstly, all participants should be over 18 years old. Before they start interview gave informed consent about this interview is nature of study. Secondly, participants should be told that they could stop the interview from any time and were fully debriefed at the end of the interview.
Finally, need to inform participants that all information would be treated confidentially, after researcher transcribe the interviews will deleted all information.
The interview voice recordings were fully transcribe by Wertz (2005) that synthesizes Giorgi’s (1985) description-reduction-interpretation model was used for the thematic analysis of this report. A thematic analysis was conducted three main points. Firstly, it was important that researcher understanding of the phenomenon was presented from the participants’ perspective. Which means the fully description provides interviewer an understanding of the essence of lived experiences and represents a unifying structure of the phenomenon (Wang, 2008). Secondly, after transcribe interview in full all information was categorized and coded, themes were defined and conducted, which were based on gathering information. In order to conduct themes this process led to the delineation of significant information within the interviews, the cross-verification of information gathered among interviews and the chating of information. Finally, the data interpreted in the context of identity development. At this stage researcher is able to review the main themes and analysis information. The interpretation of data will provide the meanings of information from interviews.
The data was found to fall within 6 major themes, which are listed below
Theme 1: Semi-religious Loyalties
Semi-religious loyalties refers to in religious exeriences they react not to any single or finite of semi-religious loyaltics. This is due to people are tend to directed toward finite values, they are idolatrous rather than religious. One participant response is:
“Religious Leader are role models and they are supposed to practice the morals and the teaching of God’s word.However, religious leaders are still humans therefore, they can do wrong things due to the external factors influencing them.Nevertheless, we should all focus on what the teachings are rather than idolizing the leaders.”(Appendix Line 113-116)
Theme 2: Religious experience
Religious experience tends towards expression. The idea is based on Malinowski, which means the religious experience of another person can never become the object of direct observation. The important of this statement result from the recognition of the fact.
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