Ida Altman speaks of “three distinct, if internally heterogeneous, groups that contributed to the formation of Spanish American society,” including migrants. How does her analysis of European migrants undermine the stereotype that the early modern Spanish Empire was a world of Spanish “conquistadores” ruling over Indians? How do the arguments and evidence of James Lockhart and Enrique Otte support Altman’s thesis? How far does the research of Matthew Restall and Nicholas Ostler support Altman’s depiction of the early modern “Hispanic world” (as Altman calls it)? Finally, briefly explain which one of the following early modern, empires described by Fernández-Armesto in Chapter 16–Russian, Ottoman, Chinese –resembled this Hispanic/Spanish empire the most.

Ida Altman speaks of “three distinct, if internally heterogeneous, groups that contributed to the formation of Spanish American society,” including migrants. How does her analysis of European migrants undermine the stereotype that the early modern Spanish Empire was a world of Spanish “conquistadores” ruling over Indians? How do the arguments and evidence of James Lockhart and Enrique Otte support Altman’s thesis? How far does the research of Matthew Restall and Nicholas Ostler support Altman’s depiction of the early modern “Hispanic world” (as Altman calls it)? Finally, briefly explain which one of the following early modern, empires described by Fernández-Armesto in Chapter 16–Russian, Ottoman, Chinese –resembled this Hispanic/Spanish empire the most.