History

HISTORY 111 E124: INTRODUCTION TO MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN WESTERN CIVILIZATION SECOND DOCUMENT ASSIGNMENT DUE: MONDAY, MAY 17, 2010 Your final document assignment will be to prepare a 4-5 page paper on the following readings and questions: Read: Leonardo da Vinci, Notebooks (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 295-299) Cardinal Bellarmine, Attack on the Copernican Theory (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 384-385) Galileo Galilei, Selected Works and Before the Inquisition (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 384-393) Memoirs of Saint-Simon (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 365-368) Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 376-378) The English Declaration of Rights (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 378-380) Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 401-403) John Locke, Second Treatise on Government (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, pp. 408-410) John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding; Some Thoughts Concerning Education (Perry, Sources, Seventh Edition, p. 418-422) In addition to the seven question in How To Read a Document, your paper should consider the following additional questions about these readings: 1. Based upon your reading of his Notebooks, what were the contributions of Leonardo da Vinci to art and science? 2. Based upon your readings, what were the contributions of Galileo Galilei to modern science? 3. Why were Galileo’s ideas considered dangerous by the Roman Catholic church? How did he address the conflicts between his findings and the religious teachings of the Roman Catholic Church? 4. Was the philosophy of Niccolт Machiavelli more consistent with Louis XIV’s France, or England after the Glorious Revolution? Why? 5. Was the philosophy of Thomas Hobbes more consistent with Louis XIV’s France, or England after the Glorious Revolution? Why? 6. Was the philosophy of John Locke more consistent with Louis XIV’s France or England after the Glorious Revolution? Why? 7. How did Isaac Newton address the possible conflicts between religion and science? How may his approach to these conflicts be compared to the approach of Galileo Galilei? 8. How may the philosophies of John Locke be contrasted with medieval Christian ideas about human nature and education? 9. Based upon your readings, do you believe the Renaissance influenced the “Scientific Revolution?” Why or why not? 10. Based upon your readings, do you believe the Renaissance influenced the “European Enlightenment?” Why or why not? 11. If these documents are arranged in chronological order—that is, with the oldest document first, and the most recent document last—what do their differences suggest about historical change? How did ideas about governance, the structure of the universe, religion and the nature of man change between 1400 and 1789?