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SOAP NOTE TEMPLATE
SUBJECTIVE DATA: What the patient tells you but organized by you in logical fashion
Chief Complaint (CC): One to three words explaining why patient came to clinic
History of Present Illness (HPI): Paint a picture of what is wrong with the patient. You need to start EVERY HPI with age, race, gender. (Example: 34-year-old AA male) Must include the 7 attributes of each principal symptom:
3. Quantity or severity
4. Timing, including onset, duration, and frequency
5. Setting in which it occurs
6. Factors that have aggravated or relieved the symptom
7. Associated manifestations
Medications: list each one by name with dosage and frequency
Allergies: include specific reactions to medications, foods, insects, environmental
Past Medical History (PMH): Illnesses, hospitalizations, risky sexual behaviors. Include childhood illnesses
Past Surgical History (PSH): Dates, indications and types of operations
OB/GYN History: Obstetric history, menstrual history, methods of contraception and sexual function
Personal/Social History: Tobacco use, Alcohol use, Drug use. Patient’s interests, ADL’s IADL’s if applicable. Exercise, eating habits
Immunizations: Last Tdp, Flu, pneumonia, etc.
Family History: Parents, Grandparents, siblings, children
Review of Systems: Go Head to toe. Cover each system that covers the Chief Complaint, History of Present Illness and History. YOU DO NOT NEED TO DO THEM ALL UNLESS YOU ARE DOING A TOTAL H&P. Remember, this is what the patient tells you.
General: any recent weight changes, weakness, fatigue, or fever
Skin: rashes, lumps, sores, itching, dryness, changes, etc.
OBJECTIVE DATA: This is what you see, hear, feel when doing your physical exam. Again, you go head to toe and you only need to examine the systems that are pertinent to the CC, HPI, and History unless you are doing a total H&P. Do not use WNL or normal. You must describe what you see.
Here is where the vital signs go. Include ht. and wt. and BMI.
General: General state of health, posture, motor activity and gait. Dress, grooming, hygiene. Odors of body or breath. Facial expression, manner, affect and reactions to people and things. Level of conscience.
ASSESSMENT: Need to list your priority diagnosis(es) first. For each priority diagnosis, list at least 3 differential diagnoses. Support your selection with evidence.
Example: Migraine headache (tension headache, cluster headache, brain tumor)
Hypertension (renal disease, stress, renal artery stenosis)
PLAN: Treatment plan. Include both pharmacological and non-pharmacological strategies. Include alternative therapies. When do they need to follow-up? Any referrals? Consultations?
Health Promotion: What does the patient family need to do to promote their health? Exercise, healthy diet, safety, etc.
Disease Prevention: For the patient’s age, what needs to be done to detect disease early…fasting lipid profile, mammography, colonoscopy, immunizations, etc.
REFLECTION: What did you learn from this experience? What would you do differently? Do you agree with your preceptor based on the evidence?
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