Consider the following argument:
1. If God exists, then s/he always chooses what is right and good,
2. If God always chooses what is right and good, then s/he would give every person’s soul an equal chance to learn about God and going to heaven.
3. But God does not give every soul an equal chance to learn about God and go to heaven. (After all, some people never learn about God, or are trained to believe in either false Gods or no God at all.)
4. Thus, God does not always choose what is right and good.
5. Thus, God doesn’t exist.
The form of this argument is valid. That is, if the premises are true, then the conclusion must also be true.
- If A, then B
- If B, then C
- Not C
- Thus, not B
- Thus, not A
So if this argument fails, it must be because one of its premises is false. I suspect that many religious people would try to deny premise 2, for example. Now, in about two pages, explain either i) which premise or premises fail and why, or ii) what the strongest objection to this argument is and why you think that objection doesn’t defeat the argument.