Gender and Culture

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Hypothesis #2
In each module there are concepts that can be related to each other in the form of a hypothesis.  You must form a hypothesis and clearly identify your independent and dependent variables and their measures (response categories).

For each hypothesis you must then use one of the major theoretical perspectives presented in module one to explain why this hypothesis should be supported if research were done on the topic.  You should state the assumptions of the theoretical perspective you are using.

This assignment should be a maximum of one page in length.

You should write one hypothesis for each group of two modules.   In other words you should turn in a hypothesis from concepts in the following groups of modules: 1 and 2, 3and 4, 5 and 6, 7 and 8, 9 and 10.

You need to turn in 5 different hypotheses.

You cannot use the same hypothesis twice.


Example 1

Higher social class people are more likely to participate in the political process

Independent Variable


social class – what is your annual income?

Response categories are $0-$1 million+


Dependent Variable

Political participation – Did you vote in the last Presidential election?

Response categories are yes or no


Conflict Theory – Society is a system of social inequalities based on class, gender, or race.  Society benefits some categories of people and harms others.  Social inequality causes conflict that leads to social change.  Conflict theory would argue that higher social class people vote more often than lower social class people because the political system benefits the higher class more than the poor.  The poor do not bother to vote because they feel the government is not responsive to their needs.


Example 2

More effort leads to better academic performance

Independent Variable

Effort – average hours spent studying per week

Response categories are 0-40+ hours week


Dependent Variable

academic performance – GPA

Response categories are 0-4.0


Structural-Functional theory – Society is a system of interrelated parts that is relatively stable.  Each part works to keep society operating in an orderly way.  Members generally agree about what is morally right and morally wrong.  Structural-functional theory would explain this hypothesis by saying that we as a society recognize that education performs the function of training members of society to succeed in the workplace.  Those who work the hardest are the most successful in school and therefore will get the best jobs.


Example 3

Protestants are more likely to commit suicide

Independent Variable


Religious affiliation

Response categories are the religious groups in which you are interested in this case Protestant or



Dependent Variable


Did the person commit suicide with the possible categories of yes or no


Symbolic Interaction – Society is an ongoing process.  People interact in countless settings using symbolic communications.  The reality people experience is variable and changing.  This theory would explain the hypothesis by stating that Protestants have less successful social interaction.  Protestants are more likely to experience a reality where they have possibly less social support, or more negative interactions, which leads them to be more likely to commit suicide.




Rubric Name: SOC 101 Writing Assignment Rubric

Criteria Points
Hypothesis is clearly stated 10 points
Independent and dependent variables are correctly identified 10 points
Independent variable properly measured 5 points
Dependent variable properly measured 5 points
Basic assumptions of the theory are stated correctly 10 points
Theory is applied properly 10 points
Overall Score Level 1
0 or more