Final Paper/Essay Much like your team-prepared case study assignment, your final space analysis will focus on the constituent parts of an architectural or interior space in order to shed light on the way the various elements interweave, complement, and reinforce and reflect the attitudes, value systems, and philosophical approach of both designer and users/inhabitants of the space. Throughout the course, you have been building an awareness of the built environment and its effect (both positive and/or negative) upon the lives of the inhabitants of designed space. In this assignment, you will analyze a built space that you have carefully and thoughtfully chosen (you may not select the same case study project that your small-group discussion team investigated). It may be a significant space that you have personally experienced, or a space you’ve never encountered. It may be a well-known, iconic space or a project of a more normative, ‘everyday’ nature. However, you must have sufficient sources of sound, accurate information. Access, familiarity, and/or memory of a space will not be enough for this assignment. The aim of this assignment is to research and explore the dynamics of a particular place by analzying its elements, character, qualities, context, and impact, in addition to possible attitudes and intentions of its designers and occupants. Your analysis of your selected space must contain information about the following: • Physical environment and spatial experience: layout, spatial arrangement (sequence of experience, program/type(s) of spaces it contains), materials, objects (furniture, sculpture), landscape, and physical context of its surroundings (placement among other buildings, location within a city, etc.), etc. that are important to understanding the place and its setting; what is the user experience – or experiences – when encountering this space? What senses are users challenged to explore? • Use and activities: individuals that occupy or use the space(s) and its surroundings (people, animals, and their relationship to one another) and the uses and activities that occur within the them (e.g., ritual events, periodic or special events); Are the uses public? Private? Both? If both, are there clear indicators to the users about who may enter the private spaces? Do the uses (and/or users) change at different times of the day/year? Have the uses changed over time since the building’s inception? Are the uses tied to particular belief and/or cultural systems (e.g., ritual behavior, gendered activities, etc.)? How does the building/space support or inhibit these uses? What about unintended activities that occur in and around this site? Are these activities supported or inhibited by the design of the space? • Design context: architect(s)/design firm(s) involved (if known); if relevant, prevailing design style(s) or movement(s) at the time design was completed (and the major characteristics of the style(s)/movements); description of how the project complies or differs from the characteristic style(s)/movements • Other context (such as cultural, social and historical): How was the building/place acquired or made? Are there changes that have altered the building over time? Is (or was) the design of the project intended to respond to a specific circumstance? Does the space or its components contain symbolic elements or impart a particular meaning to its users (or onlookers)? Does the design draw upon individual or collective memory of users? • Design intention(s): What do you believe are/were the designer’s intentions in the design of the building? What are the big ideas of the building design? How are those ideas achieved through the design decisions? Make sure to relate these ideas to the physical environment of the project such as spatial arrangement, materials, objects, landscape, and context of the project (see top bullet above). • Critique: based on your detailed evaluation, does the space accomplish its goals? Are the “big ideas” accomplished by the design decisions? Do you think the intentions of the designer(s) were accomplished? Are there changes or modifications that you believe would make the space more successful? Deliverables Your final paper/essay will result in the following: 1. A 5-7 page typewritten paper (not including project images or bibliography), formatted as follows: • 8-1/2” x 11” paper size, stapled • 1” margin, all sides • 1.5” line spacing • 12 point font size • At the top of page, include your name, course name (ARC 188) and title: Final Paper/Essay • The first paragraph of your paper should list the project name, location, architect/design (if known), design date (if known), and construction dates. You may include other vital statistics, such as general size, other consultants (if important to understanding of the project), etc. 2. 1-2 additional pages (8-1/2” x 11”) containing color or black and white key images of the project that help to support your written work. All images must be captioned to display view title and source, ex: “View from main entry [Source: photosrus.com].” You will also need to include an entry in your bibliography for every image included in your paper (see preparation notes below). 3. Bibliography (see preparation notes below) Preparation notes: Make sure that all of your sources of information and images are properly documented, including any footnotes or direct quotations used in your presentation. Footnotes are the primary means of historical citation, not just for quotations, but for any material, ideas, facts, concepts, or theories that are not your own. A few reminders: • A good rule of thumb: if you are in doubt about whether or not you need a citation for something, cite it. • If you utilize quotations in your paper, make sure they are demarcated with quotation marks and footnoted. • Also, remember, if you are quoting someone who is quoted in another source, you must cite both sources in your footnote. The format for your citations and bibliography should follow the Chicago Manual Style commonly used in the social sciences and the humanities. A terrific source for assisting you with formatting all types of source material: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/01/. Divide your bibliography into two sections: “Bibliography” which will list the sources of research information and “Images” which will list the sources for all the images included. Source Materials Note that information found on the internet is often unreliable; sometimes quite incorrect. Thorough research requires the use of professional and scholarly materials. This does not mean that all internet sources are unreliable. A good rule of thumb is to work first through Miami’s online library resource: http://www.lib.miamioh.edu/. Materials obtained digitally through this site are academic in nature. The site will also lead to you hard copy sources, which in the architectural field, are often the only source of material on architectural projects. You have a greater latitude when searching and selecting images for your case study analysis. You may use any image as long as you 1) cite the online source using the Chicago Manual Style citation system in your bibliography, and 2) you use your own research knowledge about the project to determine if it is, in fact, an accurate and appropriate image of your assigned project. For this project, you will be required to use a minimum of five (5) bibliographic sources. Three (3) of them must be be from the following sources: • monographs (books written about a single project or a single architect/designer) • books written about particular historical or design movements (e.g. rennaissance, modernism), or building types (e.g. gothic cathedrals, museum desing), etc. • articles in scholarly or professional journals/periodicals/ magazines. Note: digital copies provided through the Miami library link are acceptable sources, however, you must identify the online source of the document in your bibliography. The following is a condensed list of many possible journals that may reference your proj
ect; there are many others accessible through our library: o Architecture + Urbanism (A+U) o Architectural Design (AD) o Architectural Record o Architectural Review o Arquitectura o Assemblage o Cornell Journal of Architecture o Daidalos o Harvard Design Magazine o Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians o L’Architecture d’aujourd’hui o Lotus International o Modulus o Oppositions o Perspecta Other online resources that you may find helpful: • Architect/design firm website. Designers often include high quality images of their work, along with project data (client, size, construction dates), and other information about the projects. It is also a great way to see other projects designed by the architect/design firm Just make sure it is the official website for the design firm involved in the project, not someone sharing opinions about another’s work. • Project websites. These are especially helpful for projects that open to the public. Often these sites, operated by public or private entities such as foundations, museums, etc., provide helpful historical and other information, along with images of the project. As noted above, just be sure that you’re looking at the official website. The librarians at the Wertz Art and Architecture Library are incredibly helpful – and are incredibly happy to help. ASK FOR HELP IF YOU CAN’T FIND WHAT YOU NEED. Architectural sources are unique – and so is the overall library organization; many books are folio size and are not stored in the same place as standard sized books. Due Dates Submit your paper (PDF file format online on the Niikha course website (under the Assignments2 tab before 10:00pm Thursday 7 May AND ALSO in hardcopy at the beginning of class on Friday 8 May. The online copy is your official record copy. Work not turned in by 10:00p will be penalized with an automatic 10% grade deduction. The hardcopy is a grading copy and will serve as proof of class attendance. Work not turned in during the class meeting will not be graded, resulting in a zero for the assignment. If desired, you may receive faculty feedback on a) your chosen topic and available resources, and/or b) paper outliine (topical outline showing sequence of ideas and organization of the paper), if submitted by Wednesday 22 April. Grading Your paper will be evaluated according to the following criteria: appropriate and critical use of concepts from readings and lectures, appropriateness and clarity of the case study, effectiveness and logical development of arguments, proper use of footnotes and bibliography, and clarity of writing.