Employment Law: Legal Provisions and Issues

Employment law is part of the Employment labor laws, which protect workers and workplace rights, working relationships, and the labor market. Employment law has been differentiated from labor law where the former concerns the relationship between the employer and the workers (employment contract/relationship), whereas the latter deals with relationships between the workers unions and the employers (collective relations law and social security law). Employment laws differ from one employer to another and depend on the type of employment (Djankov & Ramalho, 2009). However, employment law mimics labor law; hence, the employment law is also referred labor law. The applicability of Labor (employment) law is nationally and it regulates the rights and roles of the employer and the employee. The set of laws that constitute the employment law include; The Labor act, Code of obligation, Agreements in the employment contract, Mandatory collective bargain, and specific rights and are categorized into employment contract, collective relations law, and social security law (Global Legal Group, 2011). These set of laws making the employment law are complex in application and interpretation and affect employees and employees differently. This is because some provisions depend on the constitution, legislations, ethics, agreements and collective bargains, and type of relationships. The employment law is full of loopholes and inconsistencies and for workers or employers to apply it effectively they need to be updated regularly, seeking legal advice, and being careful when formulating and implementing policies.