Could work be made more satisfying and participatory?

What are the goals and motivations for work reform, from the employer and the worker perspective?
What roles can management, unions, and the state play in shaping workplaces?
Is it possible to reorganize work so that it becomes more satisfying participatory?
Can the goals of humanistic work-reform be reconciled with the goals of productivity and profit?
Which theoretical perspectives provide the most useful insights on the prospects or lack thereof, for work-reform?