Community Policing

Community Policing

Community policing is fundamentally a policing philosophy, which supports and promotes organizational strategies that address the causes of crime and reduce social disorder and lead to a reduction in the fear of crime through establishing police-community partnerships and problem-solving tactics. The major focus of community policing is largely on social disorder and crime through police services delivery, which includes implementing the traditional law enforcement aspects, community partnerships and engagement, problem solving and prevention (Miller, Hess & Orthmann, 2011). Community policing can also be referred to as community oriented policing that involves a full-service department-wide philosophy, decentralized and personalized policing whereby citizens are made to feel empowered. This ensures that the community works in partnerships, which are proactive with the police in solving various problems of crime as well as fear of decay, disorder, and crime in order to improve the quality of life. It is paramount to note that community policing broadens the number and nature of police functions as compared to the traditional policing. Community policing emphasizes on external partnerships, active problem solving, and organizational change to address challenges that concern both the community and the police (Brogden & Nijhar, 2013). This study will expound on community policing at the Franklin Park Illinois Police Department.

 

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