You will have to answer TWO of the choices listed below, ONE from each section. Think before you write and read the question carefully to make sure you understand what it is asking. Use material drawn from class lectures, readings and from the textbook where necessary. Each answer is worth 50 points so please give them the proper amount of attention. This test should take you about 2 hours to answer, so please keep that in mind.
Any form of academic dishonesty will result in an “F” grade for this course. You are responsible for knowing all Florida Tech academic dishonesty policies (www.fit.edu/current/plagiarism.pdf). Further, I may submit-or require you to submit-any or all written work for this course to an on-line plagiarism detection service. By submitting written work in this course you give me your express consent to: 1) transmit it over the internet, and 2) sublicense it without compensation to any plagiarism detection service on an ongoing basis.
You need to turn your answers into turnitin.com by THURSday, July 9th, 2015. Answers are due by 5:00 p.m.
No late exams will be accepted!
Section One: Please answer ONE of the following questions.
Sec 1, Q1: Nineteenth century Europe began an enormous program of global expansion, establishing colonies in much of Africa and Asia. What domestic factors, old and new, caused this flurry of colonial activity in the period after the 1870s? What is the connection between this new imperialism and Social Darwinism? What can we learn about the process and success of imperialism in Africa and Asia from Conrad’s story?
Sec 1, Q2: Romanticism was the beginning of the rejection of the Enlightenment ideas and beliefs, finally throwing away the rational mind for that of emotion. By the late 19th century, political thinkers, scientists and artists continued this earlier transformation in new ways. In your essay discuss the role of poetry and literature, philosophy, scientific thought and art in creating an alternative worldview that grabbed the imaginations of many in the 19th century. Discuss the important roles Romanticism, Impressionism and Irrationalism had in furthering the break from the 18th century’s Enlightenment. How did they compliment each other and create the modern world?
Section Two: Please answer ONE of the following questions.
Sec 2, Q1: What were the causes of the First World War and which, in your opinion, was the most important? Give examples to prove your point. What might European diplomats have done differently between 1880 and 1914 to avoid the Great War? What were some of the more immediate causes of the war between 1912-1914? For example, how did developments in the Balkans lead to the outbreak of war? Finally, why did everyone think the war would be over within six months? Explain.
Sec 2, Q2: The 1920s and the 1930s saw the rise of totalitarian governments in Europe, transforming politics and society while paving the way for the Second World War. In your essay, discuss the similarities and differences between the totalitarian governments created in Italy, Germany and the Soviet Union before 1939. In what ways did these governments deal with “internal problems” and threats to their rule? Why do you think there was so little resistance by the citizens of these three countries to the actions of their governments?