check my work

Shaymaa

xxxxxx

Dr. Rosalind Buckton-Tucker

ENGL: 102-xxxx

Due date:

Research Proposal

  1. Working title:

Online Resources Versus Printed books

  1. Research questions

What is social media? How can the virtual world of the internet substitute the real world? How does the invention of smart phone contribute to the extra usage of social media? Why is social media making people more isolated? How does the internet change the way people live? If social media are used to connect people regardless of the distance, why are they considered a factor of making people farther than they really are? Why is the opinion of psychoanalysis about the problem? How can the usage of social media be considered a sign of modernity and urbanism? Who is to blame for the extra usage of social media, the users or the producers of the technology? How does the issue of the extra usage of social media appear in Kuwait?

  1. Working thesis

Although printed books are the cornerstone for students and scholars, the use of online resources become reliable alternative and take the place of prints in academic researches so that it is better than printed resources.

  1. Background

Social media become a part of people’s life nowadays. Whenever you go, you will find people using their mobile phones to check their social media accounts and see what other friends wrote or even read about news or finance. Social media are taking the role of other media like newspapers or magazines as the internet makes almost everything available on mobile phones, tablets and laptops. What makes the usage of social media in Kuwait so easy is the cheap internet charge service and also the good wealth of people who are able to buy tools like smartphones and such inventions and also because of the instalments system which makes it easy for everybody to buy and use the technology. However, at the same time, people are using social media in a very bad way that they neglect others in the same place. One more point is that the usage of social media is changing the way we live and think.

  1. Justification of topic

Too many researches and studies enriched with practical and statistical charts and tables have been done to study the effect of using social media on people. The matter is not merely about studying the usage of social media from a personal perspective. It rather exceeds this to study the overall effect on society and on relations between individuals as well. That is why writing about the effects of social media and researching about it makes it crucial as the entire world is transforming into a more electric automated world.

  1. Methodology

The main resources to resort to will be taken from AUK online library JSTOR and EBESCO. Other resources will be taken from The Atlantic to make the research more reliable. The keywords of the essay are: social media, Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, Instagram. The information taken from the above-mentioned resources are going to be analyzed and studied, then, they will be contributed to the issue in Kuwait. After doing the research I hope I will be able to understand two things: the effect of social media on both individuals and societies, and the psychoanalysis of the personality of the users. One more thing I hope to write about in the future is the basics that the producers of social media follow to be able to gain such popularity. Moreover, I hope to do another relative research about the possibility of creating a new social media that can compete with the existing ones like Facebook and Twitter.

Word count: 580

  1. Tentative research calendar
6 Nov. 7 Nov. 8 Nov. 9 Nov. 10 Nov. 11 Nov.
Searching for the resources and reading them carefully Annotating the resources and reviewing them Putting the plan Printing the already prepared papers and doing the bibliography
15 Nov. 17 Nov. 18 Nov. 19 Nov. 21 Nov. 22 Nov.
Annotated bibliography due Presentation Final review 1st draft due
24 Nov. 25 Nov. 26 Nov. 27 Nov. 29 Nov. 6 Dec.
Hand out of the first draft and printing the annotation for review.

 

Peer review of the first draft
8 Dec. 11 Dec. 13 Dec. 15 Dec. 27 Dec. 10 Jan.
Correction and modification 2nd draft due Modifying the second draft and doing the final draft Final research paper due

 

Shaymaa

xxxxxx

Dr. Rosalind Buckton-Tucker

ENGL: 102-xxxx

Due date:

FinalPaper

Social Media: A Problem or A Phenomenon?

 

“I have more than one thousand friends, but I know none of them” one of my friends in the university said. I got astonished how something like this may happen, but things became clear when I knew she was talking about her Facebook friends. The sentence shocked me as all her friends are online friends or friends in the virtual world. This is true to a great extent as, due the fast-paced life and the great technological development, people get more involved in work so they do not have enough time to meet each other. The invention of the internet and its applications and, moreover, smart phones, makes it easy for all people to connect and meet each other online anytime, anywhere. Therefore, because of the lack of time and the easy access to modern technology, talking to people face-to-face becomes something difficult. That is why my friend, like a large number of people, have thousands of internet friends, but in reality, their friends are very few.

Searching about the issue that the internet and its applications make people more isolated opens the doors for broader facts and thousands of stories. People are connected all daylong as their mobiles have applications that enable them to use the internet anytime in the day. In other words, it takes a long time to go to friends and meet them while people can meet online while at home, at work or at the gym. This creates a kind of new thinking and new habits in life and most importantly new ways of doing things and, by and by, the original and traditional ways of doing things become old-fashioned. Social media comes at the top of the table of the most used applications of the internet but at the same time, they contribute to making people more and more isolated. Therefore, although social media helps in making distances closer and allowing people to connect with each other without even meeting, they contribute to making people lonelier and make their health worse.

Using social media is very good if it is considered a way to connect with people whom are never seen for a long time. Neighbors, friends and family members miss each other while getting older because of marriage, work or even study, so they resort to the social media in order to meet again. They become friends again by the use of the several social media like Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin and many others. This is a very good use of the social media but the real problem is when people who are very close to each other use social media to connect when it takes them only a few minutes to meet. One hurting joke is that “if you want the family members to meet at the same house, just switch off the internet router” which is really hurting as family members in the same house do not meet as long as they are connected to the internet.

One heart-breaking story about the isolation the use of social media causes is the story of an old lady who died in her house for many months without anybody knowing about her although she has thousands of friends but on Facebook. Stephen Marche in his article “Is Facebook Making Us Lonely?” discusses the role that social media, mainly Facebook, plays in making people lonely and isolated, as his title itself suggests. Marche takes an example of the eighty three year old Yvette Vickers, a Playboy porn star, who died in her room for months without anybody to notice. Once the police got into her house, they found that she was mummified beside her computer on which there were a lot of Facebook posts and tweets on Twitter and too many friends but on the web only. The story of Vickers is very touching as she died in isolation although the number of her social media friends is astonishing.“Vickers had made calls not to friends or family but to distant fans who had found her through fan conventions and Internet sites” which means that although she has thousands of friends, she died in loneliness as all her friends are in the virtual world. Moreover, “Facebook denies us a pleasure whose profundity we had underestimated: the chance to forget about ourselves for a while, the chance to disconnect” which means that the problem is in the users not in the technology. Once again, social media contributes to making people more and more isolated.

Besides the negative social effect of social media of being lonely and isolated, extra usage of the social media causes health problems. First of all, the screens of computers and smart phones cause dangers sight problems. Moreover, sitting before computers also causes problems to bones and spine.Users can simply post or tweet their status to express what they feel and other people can also simply react by liking the post and share the feelings so that this causes self-satisfaction. The psychology of users, therefore, change to be better. At the same time, when users post something and get negative comments, their psychologyturns to the worst and so on. That is to say that besides social effects there are effects on both the physical and mental health of users.

Fleck and Migalskiin their article The Impact of Social Media on Personal and Professional Lives: An Adlerian Perspective”, discuss the effects of social media on the health of users in accordance with the Adlerian theory which connects the word ‘social’ with  relationships and interaction between people either positively or negatively. This article presents a good definition of social media, then relate social media to the Adlerian theory. Basically, the word social means society and relations between people so that, as social media is mainly built on social networks and interest in social relations of people in the virtual world, they can be analyzed in social and psychological terms. Users of social media can be diagnosed according to the way they behave whether they are interact with others for individual interests or for social interests. For Fleck and Migalski, excessive usage of social media is a psychological disease that can be diagnosed and treated, as “social media can add stress to boundary creation and maintenance” (138), which means that stress is one of the diseases that can be diagnosed and treated.

On the other hand, usage of social media is linked with urbanism and civilization so that it is a must as the world is changing which means that it is the user who is to blame for the problem, not the technology. In other words, people used to connect by signs then language was invented so that they use language to communicate. After that, the post and other developments were introduced, till the telephone was invented. During these changes and improvements,the way people used to do things changed. For example, people used river water and simple wooden materials to wash and clean clothes, whereas at the present, they are using washing machine. That is to say, by the technological improvements, people change how they do things so that technology has nothing to do with the effects of technology but the cause is the user. The same thing applies to social media as they are found to make people connect, but if people misuse them, it is the responsibility of the people, not the social media. in other words, using social media is a sign of development and urbanism and the problem is in the users not the technology. In other words, the usage of social media affects the empathetic social skills of users and so makes them unable to recognize the negative effects of using social media because the effect can be discovered on the long run. The effects of social media takes a long time to be defined, so people do not give social media great interest in terms of being a problem. According to Terri H. Chan, in his article entitled “Facebook and its Effects on Users’ Empathic Social Skills and Life Satisfaction: A Double-Edged Sword Effect”, it is clear that social media, mainly Facebook lessens users’ empathetic skills. Chan finds that “some people incline to replace genuine real world interactions with less engaging digital ones, causing the suppression” (277), which means that as long as people resort to social media as a kind of replacing the reality with the virtual world, it will be difficult to them to see there is any bad effect.

Urbanism and social media are connected to each other as using technology is linked with education and civilization. Zip, Parker and Wylyin their article entitled “Facebook as a Way of Life: Louis Wirth in the Social Network” discuss the implication of the change people have from real life to the virtual life. As the number of users of the internet is increasing rapidly and the facilities internet providers present, the debate about the effects of the usage of social media increases to take different perspectives. The authors discuss the usage of social media in comparison with urbanism. People in large areas are urbanized so that the usage of social media become inevitable as authors connected social media to urbanism. Social media is a phenomenon and each phenomenon has its own merits and demerits.

Although digital media is a revolution in the world of technology, it is not only the responsibility of users to extra use but also the programmers and owners of the social media companies. The policy of the social media owners depends on the largest number of people they can have. Facebook and twitter are the most known social media to which a large number of users have accounts. During the hidden war between the two companies to gain more and more users, each company presents facilities and new applications to tempt users.  Therefore, users have nothing to do with the nature of the technology as all people are opt to temptations everywhere. Advertisements, offers and promotions are done to make customers buy the product. In this regard, social media changes into a product so that the responsibility is not that of users. In most of the cases, users cannot recognize the attempts done by social media owners in their advertisements. Although not all people are driven in this concern and people have the free choice, using social media for them is a result of the trend.

More importantly, the policy of the owners of the social media is built on their own benefit in the first place. In article by Lövheim, Jansson, Paasonen and Sumiala entitled “Social Media Implications for Everyday Life, Politics And Human Agency”, it appears clear that the policy of the social media owners contribute to the nature of users. “Detached from networks of potentiality, exchange, and investment, the act of internet usage is reframed as an isolated activity driven by the desire for online access” (Lövheim et al, 36) means that the usage of the internet is a sort of addiction. In this regard, social media is similar to drugs, smoking or alcohol in terms of addiction. In other words, the use of social media is exactly like anything else in the world as it is used by humans so that it is not true to say that it is the responsibility of the users because social media is like any other product and inventions that is used by people. To make it clearer, in case there were no social media, mobile phones will be used for only making calls and receiving them.

In Kuwait the problem of extra usage of the internet, mainly social media, is crystal clear. Only one walk by car makes it easy for anyone to see how everybody uses social media inside cars, at the traffic lights, on the street and everywhere else. Using social media is not specified to certain age-group, as children use social media exactly like adults. Moreover, the usage of social media interferes in everyday life as people advertise using Instagram, and politicians use Twitter to monger their politics or reply to a public opinion. The reasons behind the extra usage of social media is the cheap and available telephone and mobile services, as well as the availability of modern equipment like smart phones and tablets which are easy to get. The hurting scene is when the young people gather in one place, like Diwanya, and everyone is holding their smart phones not noticing or even talking to others. That is why the overuse of social media makes people more isolated.

In conclusion, social media usage is inevitable because of the easy accessibility to the internet by all people. The extra usage of social media makes people lonelier as they have a lot of friends but in the virtual world. The usage of social media makes the contact between people lesser and so makes the distances farther. Moreover, the excessive usage of social media makes people prone to health problems. Although some people say that it is the responsibility of users not the technology, social media are like any other invention that are used by humans. In a nutshell, rationality in using social media can reduce the effects and solve the problem.

 

Word count: 2206

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited:

Fleck Jesse and Migalski Leigh Johnson. “The Impact of Social Media on Personal and Professional Lives: An Adlerian Perspective”.The Journal of Individual Psychology. 71.2 (2015), 135-142. Print

Marche Stephen. “Is Facebook Making Us Lonely?”. The Atlantic. May 2012. Web.

Lövheim Mia, Jansson André, Paasonen Susanna & Sumiala Johanna.“Social Media Implications for Everyday Life, Politics And Human Agency”. Approaching Religion. 3.2 (2013), 26-37. Print

Zip Larissa, Parker  Rebekah and Wyly Elvin. “Facebook as a Way of Life: Louis Wirth in the Social Network”. Geographical Bulletin. 54 (2013), 77-98. Print

Chan Terri H. “Facebook and its Effects on Users’ Empathic Social Skills and Life Satisfaction: A Double-Edged Sword Effect”. Cyberpsychology,Behavior, and Social Networking. 17.5 (2014), 276-280

RESEARCH PROPOSAL (15%)

 

 

The purpose of a research proposal is to help you narrow your topic, choose a research question or questions and formulate a working thesis. It shows what you know and have learnt about the topic so far and the reasoning behind your choice of topic and your thesis. It also explains how the topic is important and relevant to your audience. Finally, it shows how you intend to pursue your research and what you hope to find. You will also construct a calendar to indicate the timeline for completion of your paper, with due dates for each individual task.

 

Your paper should be formatted according to MLA style, as follows:

 

  • Use one-inch margins
  • Use Times New Roman font type
  • Use 11-12 point font size
  • Do not include a cover sheet
  • Title your paperResearch Proposal, centered, with a space between the heading and the first line of your first paragraph

 

  • Double-space within and between paragraphs; do not use extra spaces between paragraphs
  • The first line of each paragraph must be indented .5 inch (MS Word default) from left margin
  • Use the “insert page number” function of your word processing program and type your family name (last name) and page number in the upper right corner of all pages, excluding the first page.

 

 

Please give the following informationin the upper left-hand corner of the first page:

 

Your name

Your ID number

Dr. Rosalind Buckton-Tucker

ENGL 102- (add your section)

Due date: Thursday 5th November

 

 

Organise your paper using the following headings in the order below. Include the numbered headings at the top of each answer.

 

  1. Working title

A title should be a phrase, not a sentence, of about 5-10 words, and should provide a brief indication of the direction the paper will take, for example, “The importance of reducing electricity consumption in the home”.

 

  1. Research question(s)

Your research questions are those you use to explore your topic and help formulate a working thesis; for example, “How significantis the amount of electricity consumed in the home?” “How does it compare to the country’s total usage?” “What are the major ways in which wastage occurs?” They are not just Yes/No questions, but require researched answers.

  1. Working thesis

The working thesis is a single-sentence statement of what you expect to prove through your paper, and may provide suggestions for future action. For example, “Reducing wastage of electricity in the home should be a Government priority.” As a working thesis, it may change with your later research findings, especially as you will be considering sources that both support and contradict your thesis.

 

  1. Background

You should describe the origin of the topic to provide a background to the present-day situation, and show how the question(s) you wish to discuss in your paper have arisen. For example, when did the topic first become important, and why? In what way(s) is the topic of current significance globally and/or locally? Are measures already being taken to resolve any problematic issues? You should define any key terms in order to clarify your statements.

 

  1. Justification of topic

You should explain your interest in your topic and your previous experience of it. For example, have you studied it in class or done independent reading or research on it? Does anyone in your family have experience of the topic? Which particular issues prompted your research?What do you think you can add to the debate on the topic? Can you provide an original perspective and offer constructive suggestions for the future?

 

  1. Methodology

Explain how you plan to conduct your research. What kinds of sources have you consulted so far (for example, books, scholarly articles, newspaper and magazine articles, official documents, onlinearticles) and what information are you still searching for? What keywords will you use? Will you do any field research (personal interviews, visits to sites, surveys, etc.)? You should organize your answer under the headings below:

 

  1. Keywords
  2. Library research
  3. Internet research
  4. Field research

 

  1. Tentative research calendar

Construct a calendar showing the dates by which you plan to accomplish certain tasks. Include the remaining deadlines listed in the course syllabus (annotated bibliography, first, second and final draft). Add the dates for completion of the search for sources, analysing material, compiling a bibliography, commencing your draft, proofreading, etc. You should plan your calendar to suit your individual research pattern (with the exception of the fixed dates on the syllabus) allowing adequate time for each task. See the sample calendar on p.358 (8th ed.) or p. 331 (7th ed.) of Hacker, A Writer’s Reference, for guidance.

 

 

Your paper should be well-written in academic-style English.

 

Length: minimum 500 words (not including the calendar). Give the totalword countfor answers 1-6 at the end of no. 6.

 

DUE DATE: Thursday5th November, 3.00 p.m. Please provide a hard copy and an entry on Turnitin.

ENGL 102                                                                                         Dr. R. Buckton-Tucker

Writing and Information Literacy                                                  Fall Semester 2015

 

 

RESEARCHED ARGUMENT – FINAL PAPER (35%)

 

 

Your paper should be formatted according to MLA style, as follows:

 

  • Use one-inch margins
  • Use Times New Roman font type, 11-12 point size
  • Do not include a cover sheet
  • Title your paper Final Paper, centered. Add your own title on the line below. Leave a space between the heading and the first line of your first paragraph.

 

  • Do not use sub-headings.
  • Double-space within and between paragraphs; do not use extra spaces between paragraphs
  • The first line of each paragraph must be indented .5 inch (MS Word default) from left margin
  • Use the “insert page number” function of your word processing program and type your family name (last name) and page number in the upper right corner of all pages, excluding the first page.

 

You should precede the paper with the following information:

 

Your name

Your ID number

Dr. Rosalind Buckton-Tucker

ENGL 102- (add your section)

Due date (as below)

 

Instructions

 

In the final draft of your research-based argument, the culmination of your work this semester, you will be analyzing your chosen topic and presenting your argument. You will be supporting your argument with research based on at least five sources, and will be expected to quote and to give examples from the texts as necessary, demonstrating your skills in summary, analysis and synthesis, and to provide correct citations and a Works Cited list using MLA format. As mentioned, you should include both print and online sources, and at least three should be scholarly in nature. The others may be newspaper or magazine articles, reports, etc. A personal interview can be counted as one of the five sources.

 

Below, as specified earlier, are guidelines to the expected organization of the paper:

 

Introduction

This should introduce your topic and the particular issue(s) on which your research focuses, and provide a brief background. Your thesis statement (one sentence, showing your own argument) should be in a prominent position and should be obvious to the reader. You may use an attention-getting opener if you wish.

 

Body

This will be in at least three sections (a section may be more than one paragraph). You may need to provide more background information, but remember to keep the emphasis on the argument. Each section should begin with a major supporting argument, which you will develop with minor supporting points, adding examples or details to illustrate these as necessary. Try to keep your body sections approximately equal in length. You should use your sources (all those in Works Cited should be mentioned in the body of the paper) to reinforce your arguments. Include a reasonable number of direct quotations. Provide citations in MLA format for both quotations and paraphrases. You should refer to the counter-argument(s) to your thesis, with support from sources if applicable.

 

Any field work, e.g. a survey, should be described after the theoretical discussion. You may present tables or charts to illustrate your findings, but these should also be analyzed in writing.

 

Interviews can be used as evidence just like any other source, but if you feel an interview is particularly important you may wish to discuss it in a separate paragraph. If you quote your interviewee’s words, they must be exact; otherwise, use reported speech.

 

Conclusion

The conclusion should summarize your findings and restate your thesis in different words. If you have recommendations for future action or further research, you should include them here.

 

Works Cited

Check that you have used the correct MLA format.

 

Appendix (if applicable)

Include the questionnaire, if you conducted a survey, and the full table of results.

 

 

Your paper should be well-written in academic-style English.

 

Length: 1750-2500 words, excluding the heading, the Works Cited list and Appendix. Enter the word countat the end of the paper but before the Works Cited list.

 

Due date: Sunday 10th January, 4.30 p.m. (hard copy). Submission to Turnitin by the same evening.

 

****

 

 

The paper will be graded according to the following criteria:

 

Layout & mechanics (5 marks). Correct heading, title, spacing, etc. MLA format: correct use of citations and correct Works Cited list. Quotations in quotation marks if within the text or indented without quotation marks if longer, properly signalled. Accurate information in Appendix, if there is one. Adherence to specified length and inclusion of word count.

 

Content (10 marks). Good thesis and supporting arguments.Adequate background and related information.Use of supporting detail. Balance of logos, ethos and pathos as appropriate for the topic. Evidence of original thinking. Interest and relevance of topic to the reader.

 

Organisation (10 marks). Clear introduction, body and conclusion. Field research, if used, after theory. Paragraph division according to ideas; paragraphs of reasonable and consistent length. Coherence and cohesion of content; logical order. Overall smooth flow of ideas with adequate use of transitional words/phrases.

 

Language (10 marks). Freedom from errors of syntax, word choice, sentence structure, etc. Reasonably complex sentence structure. Varied and academic vocabulary. Persuasive quality of the language. Absence of slang, short forms, abbreviations, etc.