Between 1870 and 1914, Western powers took over major portions of the non-Western world; both at the time and since then, there has been considerable discussion and debate around the causes of this takeover.

Between 1870 and 1914, Western powers took over major portions of the non-Western world; both at the time and since then, there has been considerable discussion and debate around the causes of this takeover.
a) What were the most important reasons, in your opinion, behind this takeover?
b) Provide at least five specific examples to support your thesis.