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TOPIC: Applying Social Epidemiology Methods: Health Inequalities
Use the Methods in Social Epidemiology text to complete the readings about the history?essentially the beginnings of the field of social epidemiology? its methods, and how it responds to the needs of social sciences professionals. This is extremely important because for years, the major focus of epidemiology was mainly in the area of infectious diseases and those professionals who did not have a background in this area of science were essentially excluded; but now, with the field of social epidemiology, there is room for everybody.
Social epidemiology has been instrumental to study one of the major public health issues, Health Inequalities?also known as Health Disparities. Without social epidemiology, the study of this problem had been almost impossible. In this context, complete the following:
* Start your discussion by defining the concept of Health Inequalities in your own words, not a book definition, not an online definition but yours. Of course, you will need to consult books or even search online for the definition to be sure that you include the major elements of the definition, but again, the definition has to be yours.
? Once the definition is in place, write a short reflection about the problem of health disparities keeping in mind the following questions:
Is the concept of health disparities a true concept? In other words, do health disparities really exist?
Are health inequalities a concept that has been created by some social scholars to justify the need to support some specific groups of the population? Use your critical thinking skills to question the problem.
* Now, make a list of some health disparities found or reported in the US population.
* Make a list of general factors that may contribute to the existence of these disparities.
* How is this topic applicable in the life of every public health professional?
* Summarize your work and cite your sources.
Aschengrau, A., & Seage, G. R. (2008). Essentials of epidemiology in public health (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Oakes, J. M., & Kaufman, J. S. (Eds.). (2006). Methods in social epidemiology. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
The following required readings are provided to you in the Capella University Library. Ask a Librarian for assistance with any of these resources.
Jackson, J. S., Knight, K. M., Rafferty, J. A. (2010). Race and unhealthy behaviors: Chronic stress, the HPA axis, and physical and mental health disparities over the life course. American Journal of Public Health, 100(5), 933?939.
Ness, R. B., Andrews, E. B., Gaudino, J. A., Newman, A. B., Soskolne, C. L., Stormer, T., Wartenberg, D. E., Weiss, S. H. (2009). The Future of Epidemiology. Academic Medicine, 84(11), 1631?1637.
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