Abortion has been an issue of controversy for many years. This debate is evident at individual, political, social, and legal levels. Currently, over 30 countries in the world have legalized abortion (Ladok, 2010). In the USA abortion is legalized and is rampantly practiced. Statistics indicate that 25% of the pregnancies are aborted which represent over 4,000 abortion cases daily (Guttmacher Institute, 2010). The debate appeared strongly in the political arena in 2003 when former US President George Bush signed the Partial-Birth Ban Act criminalizing partial abortion; an act that raised uproar from the Democrats. Despite many debates on whether to legalize abortion or not, this question still remain unanswered due to various supportive arguments articulated by the pro-life and pro-choice advocates. In this paper it is argued that abortion should remain legal in the USA.
In the USA, abortion has been legal since 1973 when the Supreme Court ruled in the case of Roe v. Wade that gave women in consultation with their physicians the right to have an abortion early in their pregnancy. A further 1993 ruling in the case of Planned Parenthood v. Casey upheld the earlier protection accorded to women in securing an abortion but added that states have the right toe enact restrictions so long as they do not have undue burden on women intending to abort. This has resulted to various restrictions which touch on; parental involvement, mandatory counseling, duration within which it can be secured, and the use of public funds. Currently 34 states require parental consent for minors seeking an abortion although the Supreme Court provides that a minor may seek legal abortion legalizing it. The House passed the Partial-Birth Ban Act in 2003 in which it became criminal for a doctor to institute such a partial abortion. At present, abortion in the US remains legal although various issues different with the states. Congress does not allow Federal Medicaid funds to be used to paying abortion unless the life of the mother is in danger, or in case of rape or incest (Guttmacher, 2010).