A temperature sensor is exposed to a sudden change of 20oC to 80oC. The sensor outputs 0.02 volts for every oC of temperature and has a 2.3 second time constant.

  1. A temperature sensor is exposed to a sudden change of 20oC to 80oC. The sensor outputs 0.02 volts for every oC of temperature and has a 2.3 second time constant.
    1. What is the sensor output voltage at 1.5 seconds?
    2. At what time, t, does the sensor output become 1.0 volt?
  2. A sensor, R, that changes resistance is used in a bridge circuit as shown below.
    1. What sensor resistance, R, will null the bridge?
    2. What is the off-null voltage if R changes by 0.5 Ω?
  3. A measurement system has noise above 20 kHz and the data signal frequency is between 100 and 500 Hz. Design an RC filter that reduces the noise by 95%, i.e., only 5% is left. Show the schematic and the component values.
  4. Given a Type J TC with a 25oC reference.
    1. What is the temperature if the TC voltage is 22.87 mV?
    2. What voltage would result from a temperature of 225oC?
  5. A 10-bit ADC has a 5.00-volt reference.
    1. What binary output is produced by an input of 3.04 volts?
    2. Suppose the output is found to be 1F4h. What is the possible input voltage?
  6. A 12 bit bipolar DAC has a 10-volt reference.
    1. If the hex input is 5D7h what is the DAC output voltage?
    2. What input is required to get a zero volt output?